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Extension > Garden > Diagnose a problem > What's wrong with my plant? > Deciduous > Japanese tree lilac > Discolored leaves

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Japanese tree lilac > Leaves > Discolored leaves

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  • Image: Apple Scab 1
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Verticillium wilt
Verticillium dahliae

  • Leaves are small and yellowed in chronic infections
  • Leaves wilt, eventually turn brown and die in severe infections
  • Leaf symptoms are often seen on only one or a few random branches in the canopy
  • Dark olive to gray streaks are often visible in the sapwood if the bark is peeled back, appearing as rings or arcs in a cross section
  • Symptoms may develop over a single season, or over several years
  • More information on Verticillium wilt
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  • Image: Apple Maggot 1
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Lilac witches' broom
Candidatus Phytoplasma fraxini

  • Leaves in the entire canopy are pale green to yellow, leaf edges may turn brown
  • Witches' brooms, a cluster of numerous small weak shoots arising from one point, occur on branch ends and clustered along the base of the tree
  • Leaves on witches' broom are small, pale green to yellow and distorted
  • Individual branches die, the tree declines and eventually dies
  • More information on Lilac witches' broom
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  • Image: Plum Curculio 1
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Oystershell scale
Lepidosaphes ulmi

  • Yellow leaves with heavy infestations
  • Heavy infestations can completely cover bark
  • Twig and branch dieback can occur when branches are heavily infested
  • Light to dark brown, elongated, 1/10 to 1/8 inch long, found feeding on branches
  • Damage occurs during summer
  • More information on Oystershell Scale
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  • Image: Apple Curculio 1
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Herbicide injury

  • Leaves cupped or otherwise deformed
  • Leaves or leaf veins discolored yellow, red or brown
  • Some leaves may become dry, brittle, die and fall from tree
  • Severe injury may result in death of tree
  • More information on Herbicide injury

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