Spruce > Trunk or branches > Missing or chewed branches
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Deer feeding/antler rubbing
- Long lines of shredded or peeled off bark along main trunk up to 3 feet off the ground from antler rubbing; wood may appear shiny or "polished"
- Leaves and small branches (< 1 inch in diameter) cut off with a rough or ragged edge; not a clean cut!
- Feeding occurs from the ground up to 6 feet or slightly higher; ragged edges, same as above; if the bark is removed by a deer there will be no sign of teeth marks
- More information on Problems with deer